Persian Cat vs British Shorthair – How Different Are They?

Persian cats and British Shorthairs are two popular breeds of cats. They have a lot of similarities, but there are also some key differences between them. This blog post will compare and contrast these two breeds to help you decide which one is right for you.

British shorthair and persian cats

What is a British Shorthair?

British Shorthairs are a breed of cat that originated in the United Kingdom. They are known for their short hair, calm temperament, and round face. British Shorthairs come in various colors and patterns, including tabbies, calicos, and smokes.

History of British Shorthair cat

The British Shorthair is a breed of domestic cat originating in the United Kingdom. The British Shorthair is one of the oldest natural breeds in Europe. It is known for its calm and docile temperament and has been favored by the Royal family for many years.

The British Shorthair has been standardized since the late 19th century and was recognized as a championship breed by the Cat Fanciers’ Association in 1980.

Persian Cat vs British Shorthair: The Difference

Persian Cat vs. British Shorthair the difference

Physical differences

There are several physical differences between British Shorthairs and Persians. The most noticeable is the difference in their fur coats. British Shorthairs have short, dense fur, while Persians have long, flowing hair.

British Shorthairs are typically stockier and have rounder faces, while Persians are slimmer and flat facial features. 

British Shorthairs come in a few solid and bi-colors, but Persians come in various colors and patterns. This is because British Shorthairs are limited to the colors that occur naturally in their short hair, while Persians can be any color or pattern due to their long fur.

Personality differences

British Shorthairs and Persian cats both are lazy breeds of cats. They enjoy taking naps and lounging around. However, a Persian is slightly more active than a British Shorthair cat.

British shorthair cat

Similarly, both like to be around people and animals and can be shy at first. They may take some time to warm up to new people and pets.

Price differences

There are a variety of price differences between British Shorthairs and Persians. The average price for a British Shorthair is around $1500 and $2400, while the price for a Persian can range from $100 to $3000. Many factors contribute to this difference in cost, such as the rarity of the breed, how popular they are, coat color patterns, and the cost of breeding.

Persians are considered a luxury breed, and as a result, they typically cost more than other breeds. They are also much more popular than British Shorthairs, so there is always a high demand for them. The cost of breeding Persians is also significantly higher than the cost of breeding British Shorthairs, which contributes to the increased price.


Persian cats are more prone to health problems than British Shorthairs. Some of the problems that Persians are more likely to have include eye diseases, respiratory problems, and skin allergies. British Shorthairs are a bit healthier overall, but they can still suffer from some health issues, such as hip dysplasia and heart disease.

Weight and Lifespan

British Shorthair cats are typically a bit heavier than Persian cats. A British Shorthair weighs between seven and seventeen pounds, while the average Persian cat weighs around twelve to fifteen pounds.

The lifespan of a Persian is usually about 13.5 years, while a British shorthair tends to live for around 15 years.

Grooming Needs

The Persian is a high-maintenance cat in terms of grooming. They require regular brushing and combing to keep their long hair free from mats and tangles. Failure to do so can result in painful, matted hairballs. The British Shorthair, on the other hand, has a much shorter coat that doesn’t require as much brushing.

persian cat

The Persians also requires regular baths to keep their coat looking shiny and healthy. British Shorthairs generally don’t need as many baths, but they may benefit from a bath every now and then to remove any built-up oils or dirt.

Which breed would be better for you?

Persian cats are known for their long, luxurious coats. They require a lot of grooming to keep their fur looking neat and tidy. British shorthairs, on the other hand, have short, sleek fur that doesn’t need as much care.

Ultimately, the best breed for you depends on your individual lifestyle and preferences. If you’re looking for a low-maintenance cat that doesn’t require a lot of exercise, a British shorthair may be the better choice. If you’re looking for a more cuddly, loving pet, go with a Persian.


Are Persian cats and British shorthairs different breeds?

Yes, Persian cats and British shorthairs are different breeds of cats. They have different physical characteristics and temperaments.

Do Persian cats require a lot of grooming?

Yes, Persian cats require a lot of grooming to keep their coats looking neat and tidy. They need regular brushing and combing, as well as baths.

Are Persian cats smarter than British shorthairs?

There is no evidence that Persian cats are smarter than British shorthairs. They both have the same average intelligence.

Do Persian cats and British shorthairs look different?

Yes, they do look a bit different. Persian cats have long hair while British shorthairs have short hair. Some people also say that Persian cats have a more “round” look while British shorthairs are more “angular.”

Do they have different personalities?

Persian cats are sweet and docile, while British shorthairs are more active and playful.

Do they have different health problems?

Yes, there are some health differences between these two types of cats. Persians are more prone to eye problems, while British shorthairs are more prone to heart problems.

Are Persian cats and British shorthairs related?

No, they are not related. They are two completely different breeds of cats.


The Persian cat and British Shorthair are two very different breeds of cats. They each have their own unique personality that makes them special. 

The Persian is known for its long, thick fur and sweet personality, while the British Shorthair is known for its short fur, muscular build, and independent personality. While they may look different on the outside, both breeds make great pets and will provide you with years of love and companionship.

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Esme Watson
Esme Watson

Esme Watson, the founder of Cat Queries, is a passionate cat lover driven by a deep love for felines. Inspired by her own furry companions, Minnie and Mickey, Esme created a platform dedicated to empowering cat owners with comprehensive and reliable information on feline health and behavior.

Cat Queries combines Esme's personal experiences with expert insights, offering a valuable resource that caters to all aspects of cat care. This inclusive approach fosters a welcoming community for cat lovers, making Cat Queries a trusted source for information, support, and guidance. Ultimately, Esme's mission is to enrich the lives of both cats and their human companions through knowledge and understanding.

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